CLAIM: Paul and Luke contradict one another in their account of Timothy coming to Athens.
RESPONSE: The conflict in these passages is one of omission. The Bible teaches that it relates history truly, but it does not claim to relate history exhaustively (Jn. 21:25). In this case, Luke omits to mention Timothy’s travels to Athens (see harmonization below):
1. Paul goes to Athens (“Now those who escorted Paul brought him as far as Athens” Acts 17:15).
2. Silas and Timothy come to Athens. This is not mentioned in Acts. However, Luke does write that Paul told them “to come to him as soon as possible” (Acts 17:15). Paul writes, “We sent Timothy… to strengthen and encourage you” (not mentioned in Acts; 1 Thess. 3:2).
3. Timothy goes back to Thessalonica to check on them (“we sent Timothy… to strengthen and encourage you as to your faith” 1 Thess. 3:2).
4. Paul leaves Athens and travels to Corinth (Acts 18:1).
5. Silas and Timothy come to Corinth with money from Macedonia (Acts 18:5). They also come to Corinth with good news about the church of Thessalonica (“Timothy has come to us from you” 1 Thess. 3:6).
6. Paul writes 1 and 2 Thessalonians from Corinth. This might be what Luke means by writing, “Paul began devoting himself completely to the word” (Acts 18:5).