This book was written after the exile (Lam. 1:5). Israel is personified as a weeping woman. The purpose of this book is to show the fallout of the Babylonian captivity. God judged Israel for her sins (Lam. 1:5). He compares her to a filthy prostitute (Lam. 1:9). Woman are cannibalizing their own children, because they are so starving (Lam. 2:20; 4:10). God will still love Israel (Lam. 3:22). He calls for God to judge the nations for their sin (Lam. 3:64). He compares their judgment to Sodom and Gomorrah. He will bring the Jews back (Lam. 4:22). He prays that God will bring them back and forgive them (Lam. 5:21-22).