(Zech. 13:7) Who is scattered?

God says, “Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, and against the man, My Associate… Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered; and I will turn My hand against the little ones” (Zech. 13:7).

Jesus said that this referred to the disciples abandoning him (Mt. 26:31), but the original context refers to the twelve tribes of Israel at the end of human history. Remember, the twelve disciples represented the believing Jewish remnant for the twelve tribes of Israel. So while this passage refers to the nation at the end of human history, it could also be partially fulfilled in the disciples.

Moreover, the Good Shepherd is equal with God. Arnold Fruchtenbaum writes, “What is translated as ‘my associate’ is, in the Hebrew, ‘my equal.’ The verse should really read, ‘and against the man, my equal,’ and of course in order to be equal with God, Messiah must actually be God. This may not be obvious in English translations, but it is very clear in the original Hebrew.”[1]


[1] Fruchtenbaum, Arnold G. Messianic Christology: a Study of Old Testament Prophecy concerning the First Coming of the Messiah. Tustin, CA: Ariel Ministries, 1998. 74.